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Pathology Atlas

Aug 18

Mobility Impairment Causes

Mobility impairments are varied and some of them are caused by conditions present at birth while others are caused after a physical injury or an illness. Mobility is also related to the change of body after aging. Here is a brief description of mobility impairment causes.


Quadriplegia is caused by damage to the spinal cord segements (levels C1-C8). The injury of the spinal cord may result in the total of partial function in arms and legs. Most often surgery is required to stabilize the vertebrae and bones in the spine

  • trauma
  • congenital disorder
  • disease


Paraplegia refers to the paralysis of both legs. People affected by paraplegia have full movement of arms and hands. the treatment is medical or surgical, depending on the condition of the patient.It is associated in a number of cases with abnormal sphincter (dysfunction of the bowel and bladder).

  • injury at the thoracic level and below


Amputation is the removal of a limb, usually an arm / hand or foot. Amputation may occur after trauma (traumatic amputation) or by surgery.

  • diseases – peripheral vascular disease, diabetes or osteomyelitis
  • trauma – 75% of upper extremity amputations are the result of trauma
  • surgery – to remove tumors from bones and muscles.


Arthritis is a disease that is manifested by the inflammation of the joints. The bone of joints begins to deteriorate due to aging or after an accident. Following this process, the bone begins to thicken and become deformed and thus does not allow normal joint flexibility. Arthritis is frequently accompanied by pain.

  • trauma
  • metabolic diseases
  • genetic factors
  • infections

Back disorders

Back pain is any pain or discomfort that occurs in the back of the trunk between the pelvis and neck.
It is a problem that occurs very frequently. It can be occasional or chronic ie last longer than three months.
Back pain may be localized in a certain area or can occur over a large portion of the back.
Back disorders occur most often:

  • after tense muscles and ligaments;
  • after weight lifting
  • after a sudden movement

Cerebral palsy

Cerebral palsy (CP) is the chronic disorder of posture and movement caused by damage to the central nervous system.
CP consists of involuntary reflex movements and spasms that can affect a region, half body or the body completely.
A number of conditions such as mental retardation, seizures or visual and auditory dysfunction are commonly associated with cerebral palsy.

  • consequence of infringement or abnormal development of the nervous system (brain)
  • in most cases the cause is unknown. Lesion or dysfunction can occur during pregnancy, during birth or in the first 2-3 years of life.

Neuromuscular disorders

Neuromuscular disorders include a variety of disorders, such as muscular dystrophy, multiple sclerosis, and ataxia. The neuromuscular disorders damage the nerves that control the voluntary muscles(the muscles you use to control the arms and legs).

  •  most of the neuromuscular disorders are genetic
  •  can be caused by an immune system disorder

Regardless of the cause of a mobility impairment, it is essential for people who suffer from these conditions to understand that it is possible to have a full life, nothing can stop them from living a full life. Nowadays, there are numerous innovations that can make life better for people with mobility impairments. For example, whether you can’t walk at all or you are having troubles walking long distances, a mobility scooter is a great aid which can help you regain your independence. Moreover, since these vehicles have been on the market for a while now, they now come with very affordable prices and numerous convenience features. Study the if you want to learn more about these mobility aids and remember that the biggest challenges that any of us have to deal with are the limitation that we ourselves put in front of us.


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